Pull Up

Pull Up

The pull up is a great upper body exercise that primarily targets the muscles in your back, shoulders, and arms. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to perform a pull-up:

Video Instructions on How to do a Pull Up

Pull-Up Instructions:

Equipment Needed:

  1. Pull-up bar

Body Position:

  1. Hang: Start by hanging from the pull-up bar with an overhand grip (palms facing away from you) and your hands slightly wider than shoulder-width apart.


  1. Initiate the Movement: Engage your shoulder blades by pulling them down and back. This sets your shoulders in the right position.
  2. Pull Up: Drive your elbows down towards the floor while simultaneously pulling your chest up towards the bar. Imagine bringing your elbows towards your hip pockets.
  3. Chin Over Bar: Continue pulling until your chin passes the level of the bar. Your chest should be close to the bar at the top of the movement.
  4. Control the Descent: Lower yourself down in a controlled manner. Don’t simply drop down; resist the pull of gravity to engage your muscles throughout the movement.


  • Maintain a straight, neutral spine throughout the exercise.
  • Keep your core engaged to prevent excessive swinging or arching of your back.
  • If you’re a beginner, you can use an assisted pull-up machine, resistance bands, or have a spotter assist you until you build enough strength.
  • Focus on using your back muscles rather than just your arms.

Common Mistakes to Avoid:

  • Incomplete Range of Motion: Ensure you lower yourself all the way down and pull yourself up until your chin is over the bar.
  • Swinging: Avoid using momentum to swing your body up. This reduces the effectiveness of the exercise and can lead to injury.
  • Incorrect Grip: Maintain a proper overhand grip with your palms facing away from you.


  • If pull-ups are initially challenging, start with assisted variations or negatives (slowly lowering yourself down).
  • Gradually increase the number of repetitions and work towards unassisted pull-ups.

Safety Precautions:

  • If you have any existing shoulder or back issues, consult with a fitness professional or healthcare provider before attempting pull-ups.

Incorporate pull-ups into your upper body workout routine to strengthen your back, improve posture, and build upper body strength.